People nowadays especially men and boys are being attracted to body building and for this they are insane to take any step! And one of them is taking steroids. As they might not know the side effects of taking steroids are dangerous for a person health and as well as it can have some serious consequences in coming future. First, let us tell you in detail as to what is steroids?
What are steroids?
Steroids were developed as medical treatment and they come in two varieties.
- Anabolic, and
Let us start with Anabolic steroids, they are also known as anabolic-androgenic steroids. It is steroid androgens that include natural androgens like testosterone as well as synthetic substances. Anabolic steroids have been used by various men and women in many different kinds of sports to gain a kind of frenzy or to recover from an injury. Following are the sports in which use of Anabolic steroid is common:
- Body building.
- Weight lifting.
- Shot put.
- Mixed marshal arts.
- Football and cricket.
Anabolic steroids is available in the following forms:
- Oral pills.
- Injectable steroids.
- Creams/ gels.
Now, let us talk about what is Corticosteroids, is an anti-inflammatory medicine which is man made hormones ( these hormones are generally produced by adrenal glands ). They are available in the following forms:
- Lotions, gels or creams.
They are used to treat the following diseases:
- Allergic rhinitis,
- Atopic eczema,
- Painful and inflamed joints,
- Inflammatory bowel disease,
- Giant cell arteritis,
- Multiple sclerosis.
Corticosteroids can have the following steroids:
Generally, they are prescribed for a very short time, there are no side effects if you take them for a short time but it can cause huge risk if you consume it for a long period. Following can happen:
- First, an increased appetite,
- Thinned skin which bruises easily,
- Mood changes, mood swings and depression,
- High blood pressure,
- Weak and brittle bones,
Still do not stop consuming it until your doctor says so. As your dose may need to be reduced slowly with time. Now that we know about both of the steroids let us talk about the side effects of it.
Side effects of steroids on brain
A person taking steroid often get angry very easily and his or her behavior turns a little violent. Studies have shown a pattern between high testosterone level and aggressive behavior. Person who take high dose of it can get also affected with psychotic syndromes and also a high level of anxiety. Other effects that can appear can be the following:
- Sleep disturbance is very common,
- Feelings of euphoria,
- High level of paranoia,
- Various stages of depression can also be felt,
- Some users can also suffer from extreme mood swings,
- It can also bring changes in a person personality.
Side effects of steroids on a person’s face
Regular or frequent use of steroids can result in high levels of water retention which is known as oedema, which can lead to user a more round face ( puffy cheeks ). In females the growth of unwanted facial hair is normal, bad breath too and the voice of a female can also turn a little husky, deepening of voice. Another common side effects of steroid is acne, this apply to both men and women.
Side effects of steroids on hair
Male pattern baldness is quite common in both male and female consuming steroids, as due to the intake of steroids, high level of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone or DHT, which causes hair follicles to shrink, after which only thin hair can be produced. But with continuous intake of steroid hair follicle dies which leads to permanent baldness.
Side effects of steroids on eyes
Another huge side effects of taking steroids is that it can all lead to cataracts, glaucoma and it can really cause permanent damage to the eyes.
Side effects of steroids on the heart
Consuming steroid on daily basis is not a joke it is problem which can cause some serious health hazards and one of them is heart related problems. This is side effect of steroid which a person should be worried about but chooses to ignore which is dangerous for their well being. It can lead to the following issues:
- It can lead to high level of cholesterol,
- It can cause a build up of cholesterol on the walls of the blood vessels which can or may lead to stroke,
- Also it reduces the formation of good cholesterol that is HDL.
Side effects of steroids on the stomach
You know that you are in trouble when you start to notice the following signs:
- Being bloated all the time,
- A feeling of being nauseas which may lead to vomiting,
- Increased level of stomach acid,
- And a lower level of stomach mucus.
Side effects of steroids on kidneys
Kidney is significant for the elimination of waste material from the blood and also for the regulation of salt and water levels. Following are the major role or function of kidney:
- Regulation of blood pressure,
- High blood pressure.
With the regular intake of steroids the kidneys have to work harder, and high blood pressure can also cause problem to the kidneys by damaging the blood vessels.
Side effects of steroids on the liver
The liver is the largest organ of the body which filter harmful toxins out from the blood. It is also significant to maintain the storage of certain nutrients like vitamins/ minerals. It also maintains or manages the level of chemicals such as proteins, cholesterol and sugars. Regular intake of steroids have seen to cause irreversible damage to the liver. Some steroids are known to carry all kinds of bacteria and virus leading to adverse liver functioning.
Side effects of steroids on chest
Breast development known as gynocomastia from the use of steroid is pretty common problem or result of taking the steroids. And the only way to reduce the breasts is through a surgery.
Side effects of steroids on the bones
Due to the regular intake of steroids can stop the growth of bones, especially of the male who are in their early twenties.
Side effects of steroids on muscle and tendons
The steroids can make a person capable of lifting more weight than they actually can, making them stronger which can lead to muscle tears. The muscle can get stronger than the tendon, and can cause tendon rupture.
Side effects of steroid on the skin
Steroid use can e harmful for the person’s skin who is taking it by affecting the skin pores and also by causing roughness in the natural skin texture. Other skin conditions which can happen are red blotchy, greasy skin with acne on the face and also on the back.Stretch marks can also appear as the muscles grow suddenly. These are just little side effects of steroids, people often do not notice them but they can be permanent.
Side effects of steroids on the immune system
Following side effects of steroids can occur to a person using it, and these are as follows:
Oedema: Oedema is a condition in which a person ankles and fingers start getting swollen.
Prostate gland: Prostate gland is an area just below the bladder, and it’s main function are to create or produce prostatic fluids which maintains the sperm activity. Major side effect of steroid on prostate is that it causes enlargement of the prostate gland, and can cause interfere in the urine flow. Other activity which can result is that abnormal sperm can come and sperm count can decrease with time.
Impotence another major side effect of steroid
Taking regular dose of steroids may cause the testes to decrease it’s function. When the intake of it decreases then it takes time for the pituitary gland to signal the testes to once again begin the manufacturing testosterone. But if dose of steroids is taken for a long term than the testes can actually cease the production.
Are steroids addictive?
Yes, a person who consume steroids say for about a months can get physically and mentally dependent on them. For example this can be the result of their addiction: loss of appetite, weakness, sleep problems, decreased sex drive, and also cravings for the drugs.
All of the above are the negative side effects of taking steroids even for a short period as a result it is best to avoid steroids and go natural way to build body or remain energetic during sports.